25 million Brazilians are of Italian origin. Almost all of them are the descendants of the Italians who left poor rural Italy at the end of the 1800’s for a continent which promised wealth and a better life. After only a century however, the direction of migration has been completely reversed. Italy which a century ago was a place to escape from, has in the meantime become "the first world", the longed for final destination of immigrants throughout the world. The only thing which does not seem to change is the plight of those forced to migrate.